The Gaze

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The Cautioning
Jane Turnbull Evans, Turnbull-Evans, portrait, graphite, face, 2D art, Two-dimensional, meeting the eyes, eyes, value contrast, tonal values, modelling of form, light and shadow on form, gaze, graphite on paper, portraiture, drawing, woman, the gaze,
description

Late in 1998, a few months after her death, an exhibition in honour of Turnbull-Evans was held in Saskatoon. Fittingly, the show was titled, Face Value: Artists Picturing Artists. The exhibition included a  ceramicPottery or hollow clay sculpture fired at high temperatures in a kiln or oven to make them harder and stronger. Types include earthenware, porcelain, stoneware, and terra cotta. (Artlex.com)   sculptureA three-dimensional work of art, or the art of making it. Such works may be carved, modeled, constructed, or cast. Sculptures can also be described as assemblage, in the round, and relief, and made in a huge variety of media. A sculptor is one who creates sculptures. (artlex.com)  of Turnbull-Evans made by Joe Fafard in 1984, and also acknowledged Turnbull-Evans’  portraitA work of art that represents a specific person, a group of people, or an animal. Portraits usually show what a person looks like as well as revealing something about the subject's personality. Portraits can be made of any sculptural material or in any two-dimensional medium. Portraiture is the field of portrait making and portraits in general. Portrait is a term that may also refer simply to a vertically-oriented rectangle, just as a horizontally-oriented one may be said to be oriented the landscape way. (Artlex.com)  work, which formed a significant portion of her early artistic practice.

In The Cautioning, from the Mendel Art Gallery collection, Turnbull-Evans presents us with a  graphiteA soft black mineral substance, a form of carbon, available in powder, stick, and other forms. It has a metallic luster and a greasy feel. Compressed with fine clay, it is used in lead pencils (though contemporary lead pencils contain no lead), lubricants, paints, and coatings, among other products. Also called black lead and plumbago. (artlex.com)   drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  on paper of the face of a young woman. Her eyes are alert and her mouth expresses concern, or perhaps surprise. It is as though the woman in the  drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  has received a cautionary warning, which Turnbull-Evans has captured at that very moment.

Turnbull-Evans grabs the viewer’s attention by drawing the eyes in detail. Apart from the mouth, the other parts of the face and head are only sketched in; just enough to know we are looking at the face of a startled, perhaps perplexed, young woman.

additional resources Things to Think About
  • In a 1983 interview related to an exhibition of her paintings of flowers Turnbull-Evans said she always wanted her work to be more than meets the eye. “I feel strongly about this, I guess, because it’s also how I feel about life. There’s always more than what appears on the surface.” How does she reach below the surface in The Cautioning?
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Use the  drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  tools provided and practice your  drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  techniques by copying the tones and textures in the images seen here.

Water flowingStairs
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eyesThe word “Gaze” implies that the sitter is looking at someone or something.

Does the facial expression of the girl in Jane Turnbull Evans’  drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  help us to imagine what she might be looking at? How important are the eyes in a  drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  or photograph?

Turnbull Evans draws our attention to the eyes in her drawing. She achieves this by making stronger and darker  drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  marks for the eyes compared to her treatment of other areas in the drawing.face

  • Study Turnbull Evans’ drawing. Create a story around the character. Consider:
  • What or who is she looking at?
  • What is her emotional state?
  • Where is she?
  • Is an event or a situation implied in the drawing?
  • Is any action implied in the drawing?
  • Could the sitter be the artist herself?

Go to the Advanced Activity section for this artist to find tips about pencil  drawingDepiction of shapes and forms on a surface chiefly by means of lines. Colour and shading may be included. A major fine art technique in itself, drawing is the basis of all pictorial representation, and an early step in most art activities. Though an integral part of most painting, drawing is generally differentiated from painting by the dominance of line over mass. There are many sorts of drawing techniques, varying according to the effect the artist wants, and depending on whether the drawing is an end in itself — an independent and finished work of art -- or a preliminary to some other medium or form — although distinct from the final product, such drawings also have intrinsic artistic value. Preliminary drawings include various exercises (e.g., contour drawing, gesture drawing, figure drawing, drawing from the flat), as well as sketches and studies, cartoons and underdrawings. (Artlex.com)  techniques.

References

Hryniuk, Margaret.  ‘Flowers are in full bloom at the Whitney Gallery.’  Regina Leader-Post, April 7, 1983.

Newman, Marketa, ed.  Biographical Dictionary of Saskatchewan Artists: Women Artists.  Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Fifth House Publishers, 1990.

Perry, Meta.  ‘Works by Regina artists take too little risk.’  Regina Leader-Post, February 16, 1984.

Robertson, Sheila.  ‘Tribute to Turnbull Evans.’  Saskatoon Star-Phoenix, December 12, 1998.

Volke, Brian.  ‘Artist creates fragile beauty.’  Regina Leader-Post, June 8, 1989.

Canadian Heritage University of Regina Mackenzie Art Gallery Mendel Art Gallery Sask Learning